MAJOR CITIES IN THE STATE OF QATAR ARE
Doha (Capital city)
FOUNDER :Sheikh Jassim Bin Mohammad Al-Thani
CAPITAL : Doha
AREA :11,521 square kilometres
POPULATION :2.2 million
NATIONAL DAY : 18th December, commemoration of Sheikh Jasim bin Mohammad Al-Thani the founder of the state of Qatar
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE : Arabic, but English is widely spoken
CURRENCY : Qatari Riyal (One Riyal = 100 Dirhams)
TIME : GMT + 3 hours
INTERNATIONAL CALLING CODE : +974
The state of Qatar is located in the Middle East Gulf region bordering the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
It is ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid -1800s and is currently ruled by Amir Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani.
It was in the eighteenth century AD when the family reached the southern part of Qatar. The Al Thani family's root is connected with Almaadied tribe (branch of Bani Tamim) in the Ushaiqir of Al Washm district in Najd.
Qatar was a poor country known for its pearling has developed significantly due to its oil and natural gas revenues.
Qatar's current economy is primarily based on its natural resources of petroleum and natural gas and accounts to 60% of its GDP. It is estimated that Qatar holds up to 25 billion barrels of oil reserves and an incredible 25 trillion natural gas reserves.
It is now regarded as one of the richest countries in the world and boasts the highest per capita income in the world.
Although rich in oil, Qatar is much diversifying into private sectors to avoid over exposing its natural resources.
The current Amir has prioritised advancing healthcare and education systems and expanding the country's infrastructure including, Qatar's metro system, light rail system, Qatar Science and Technology Park and the construction of a new port in anticipation of Qatar's hosting of the 2020 world cup. The new Hamad International airport opened in 2014 with an initial annual passenger capacity of 24 million with a projected 50 million in the years to come.
Much of Qatar's population is made up of expatriates. Qatar nationals only represent 12% of the population and it is estimated that 94% of its workforce is made up of migrant workers.
MAIN INDUSTRIES OF QATAR
Liquefied natural gas
Crude oil production
QATAR EMPLOYMENT VISA
Like other gulf states, in order to work in Qatar you will need to be sponsored by your employer. Your employer will take care of much of the administration and help you with the process of obtaining a residence permit.
A work residence permit cannot be obtained unless you have a job offer or contract from an employer. Once the job offer is accepted, you employer will begin the application and inform you of what documentation is required. For example, a copy of your degree, passport, marriage certificate etc. You will also be required to take a medical test and have your fingerprints taken. A work residence permit is usually issued within six weeks. Once issued, you will also be provided with a Qatar ID card which contains your personal information and your photo. It is mandatory for residents and also citizens to have one as they will be required to open a bank account, apply for a driving licence, renew your residency permit, access to online services etc. Obtaining a work residence permit, will also allow you the option to apply for a family residence permit for your immediate family. So if you work in Qatar, you will have the option to bring your spouse and/or children with you providing you have a work residence permit. Our advice is once you have accepted a job offer and started employment in Qatar, by the time you have received your permit (Usually within 6 weeks) and settled well, you can then apply to bring your family to Qatar.
Please also see below for some very useful information
portal.www.gov.qa/wps/portal (Hukoomi website (government website) - A very useful website that contains all the latest information.)